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Baa! Oink! Moo! God Made the Animals

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Publisher: Zonderkidz

ISBN: 0310752329

Genre: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 26

Book Summary: Kids love mooing cows and hatching chicks, but who created these animals to do what they do? On a trip to the farm, one small child is determined to find out. In this padded board book from award-winning author Rhonda Gowler Greene, your child too can explore their questions about nature, and learn about the One who makes everything uniquely special. Mama, look! A cr-r-rack! A PEEP! Who makes it hatch and CHEEP CHEEP CHEEP? Kids love to ask questions, and in Baa! Oink! Moo! God Made the Animals, each “Why?” and “Who?” about the farm animals they’ll encounter inside is answered in clever and fun rhymes … all pointing back to the God who made each sheep, cow, pig, horse, goat—all the animals on the farm—including puppies! And with sounds words for your child to call out on each spread, this message about God’s amazing creation is also playful and interactive, making it perfect for repeated reading and story time. Baa! Oink! Moo! God Made the Animals: contains a variety of animals and their sounds, making it fun and easy to teach your child about the creatures on a farm depicts a fun mother-child adventure, making it perfect for parental bonding time is perfect for lap reading also works for bedtime reading, with an ending that will help your child snuggle in for the night

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Oink's Pink Palace
Type of site
Private BitTorrent tracker
OwnerAlan Ellis (aka Oink)
Created byOink (Modified TBSource)
RevenueVoluntary donations
URLOiNK.cd or OiNK.me.uk
RegistrationFree, Invitation only
Launched30 May 2004[1]
Current statusTracker forcibly shut down

Oink's Pink Palace (frequently stylized as OiNK) was a prominent BitTorrent tracker which operated from 2004 to 2007. Following a two-year investigation by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) and the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), the site was shut down on 23 October 2007, by British and Dutch police agencies. These music industry organisations described OiNK as an 'online pirate pre-release music club', whereas former users described it as one of the world's largest and most meticulously maintained online music repositories.[2] About a month before the shut-down, music magazine Blender elected OiNK's creator, British software engineer Alan Ellis, to their The Powergeek 25 — the Most Influential People in Online Music list.[3]Alan Ellis was tried for conspiracy to defraud at TeessideCrown court, the first person in the UK to be prosecuted for illegal file-sharing, and found not guilty on 15 January 2010.[4]

Background[edit]

OiNK was an invitation-onlyBitTorrent community, with about 180,000 members. When closed by the authorities, the site had stored about 200,000 torrent files.[5] One of OiNK's rules was that users could not pay to gain membership to the site, but had an opportunity to donate money to the site. Members were required to maintain minimum upload-to-download ratios, and to have cuteavatars.[2]

OiNK placed an emphasis on the sharing of torrents for high-quality MP3 and lossless audio formats such as FLAC, along with other formats such as Ogg Vorbis and M4A. The torrents for E-books, computer software, and e-learning videos were also routinely shared amongst OiNK's users.

Shut-down and media response[edit]

OiNK's main page immediately after closure

Following a joint operation codenamed Operation Ark Royal, between Interpol, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), and some other organisations, on 23 October 2007 the site was closed.[6][7] The site's creator, Alan Ellis, was arrested by British police, and Dutch police confiscated OiNK's hosting service company NForce's servers. The e-mail addresses of the site's members were not encrypted and were therefore available to the authorities; however, members' passwords were only stored as a saltedmd5hash. Data stored on OiNK's servers was insufficient to incriminate OiNK users.[8][9][10]

Jeremy Banks, head of the IFPI's Internet Anti-Piracy Unit, opined that OiNK was central to the illegal distribution of pre-release music, and that the site had leaked over 60 major album releases in 2007.[5] The shut-down was covered in media worldwide mainly based on IFPI, BPI and Cleveland Police's press releases and original BBC news footage of the arrest of Ellis.[11]

The British and Dutch Pirate Parties issued a joint statement condemning the actions as retaliatory, questioning the ethics of choreographing it and letting representatives of the alleged victims participate in the investigation.[12]

In the days following the arrest, when news sources like Wired,[2]The Guardian,[13] and Slyck.com[14] started fact checking based on internet sources,[15] it was revealed that not everything reported in the mainstream media was entirely correct. Common errors quoted by media were: that OiNK was an extremely lucrative website and made hundreds of thousands of pounds from 'donations',[7] which users had to pay to be able to download; that users had to offer new content to the site in order to get invitations;[16] and that the site was centered around the release of pre-released material.[5] The first two claims clearly conflicted with the site's written rules and conventions. A counterargument for the third was that only a tiny portion of the site's content was pre-released material. TechCrunch wrote that while links to pre-release albums definitely appeared on OiNK early it was unlikely that the site's members were actually responsible for these releases and claim this shows how poorly the scene is understood.[17]

After OiNK was raided, several new BitTorrent Trackers were set up by former members of the site.[18]

Legal proceedings[edit]

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Between 23 and 28 May 2008 six former members were arrested and questioned, but released on bail without being charged.[19][20]

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On 12 September 2008 five of the six members of OiNK who had previously been arrested were charged with copyright infringement. The sixth, OiNK's administrator Alan Ellis, had bail extended four times until 10 September 2008, when he was finally charged with conspiracy to defraud. A hearing was held at a magistrates' court on 24 September 2008.[21]

On 24 September Ellis's case, along with the case of one of the former OiNK members charged with copyright infringement, were referred to the Crown Court sitting at Middlesbrough, with the next hearing scheduled for 2 October 2008 but the conspiracy to defraud case was adjourned until 14 November 2008 at Teesside Crown Court.[22] It was then adjourned again until 12 December, then 23 March 2009, then 15 May 2009, and once again until 25 September 2009.[23]

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In December 2008 four of the former OiNK members pleaded guilty at Teesside Crown Court, where they were charged with copyright infringement offences. Three were sentenced to a total of 330 hours of community service and court costs of £378 each; the other fined £500.[24] A further defendant, also charged with a copyright infringement offence, pleaded not guilty and was set for trial along with the administrator of the site, Alan Ellis.[25]

On 15 January 2010 Ellis was found not guilty of conspiracy to defraud, with the jury returning a unanimous verdict.[4] Ellis was represented by Morgan Rose, with Alex Stein as the barrister.[22]

The CPS took the decision to continue the prosecution against the final OiNK defendant, Matthew Wyatt, despite their failure to secure a conviction against Ellis. The matter was due to proceed to trial but, at the eleventh hour, the CPS decided to drop the case entirely. Commentary at the time suggested that this was in an effort to shield the International Federation of Phonographic Industries and the British Phonographic Industry from explaining the methods by which they secured the evidence against Wyatt, as well as the practices of the music industry in general.[26] Wyatt was represented by David Cook of Burrows Bussin.[27] Cook would later go on to successfully represent one of the defendants from the popular FileSoup forum, acquitted of similar allegations in March 2011. David Cook later moved to Manchester-based firm Pannone Solicitors, and defends clients in cyber crime prosecutions nationally.[28][29]

Pages

Notable users[edit]

OiNK's user-base included several musicians, most notably Trent Reznor, founder of Nine Inch Nails.[30] In a 2007 interview, Reznor said 'I'll admit I had an account there and frequented it quite often. At the end of the day, what made Oink a great place was that it was like the world's greatest record store. Pretty much anything you could ever imagine, it was there, and it was there in the format you wanted. If Oink cost anything, I would certainly have paid, but there isn't the equivalent of that in the retail space right now.'[31] Of the site's member's, Reznor opined, 'They're not stealing it because they're going to make money off of it; they're stealing it because they love the band.' Reznor also criticised legal music download sites such as iTunes, due to 'DRM, low bit rate, etc.'[30] Reznor later worked for legal music services Beats and then Apple Music, saying of the latter 'It’s kind of a miracle to think that a device in your pocket can play pretty much any song that the world has ever created.'[32]

See also[edit]

Oink pdf free download windows 10

References[edit]

  1. ^Oink.me.uk, 30 May 2006, Happy birthday to us
  2. ^ abcPhan, Monty (2007-10-26), Oink Users Recall Defunct Song-Swap Site's Strange, Stringent Rules, Wired, archived from the original on 29 January 2014, retrieved 2007-10-27
  3. ^Dolan, Jon; Levine, Rob; Sisario, Ben; Wolk, Douglas (August 2007), The Powergeek 25 — the Most Influential People in Online Music, Blender, retrieved 2010-09-28
  4. ^ ab'Music file-sharer 'Oink' cleared of fraud'. BBC News. 15 January 2010.
  5. ^ abcBritish and Dutch police raids shut down the world's largest pre-release pirate music site, IFPI, 2007-10-23, retrieved 2007-10-23
  6. ^Johnson, Bobbie (2007-10-24), 'Police shut down website after two-year music piracy inquiry', The Guardian, retrieved 2007-10-25
  7. ^ abOperation Ark Royal, Cleveland Police, 2007-10-23, retrieved 2007-10-26
  8. ^Oink Frequently Asked Questions, Oink.cd, 2007-10-25, retrieved 2007-11-19
  9. ^BPI, IFPI PRESS RELEASE - British and Dutch police raids shut down the world's largest pre-release pirate music site : 23:10:2007, Bpi.co.uk, retrieved 2008-09-12
  10. ^Police, IFPI make bacon of Oink BitTorrent tracker
  11. ^Huge pirate music site shut down, BBC News, 2008-10-27, retrieved 2008-09-12
  12. ^Dutch and British Parties Question Legality and Ethics of Oink Take-Down(PDF), Pirate Party of the United Kingdom (UK), archived from the original(PDF) on August 28, 2008, retrieved 2007-10-25
  13. ^Johnson, Bobbie (2007-10-24), 'Time to clear up the murk about Oink', The Guardian, retrieved 2007-10-26
  14. ^Wilson, Drew (2007-10-25), Myths and Facts of OiNK's Takedown, Slyck.com, retrieved 2007-10-26
  15. ^Shiny (2007-10-23), RiP Oink!, Releaselog, retrieved 2007-10-24
  16. ^Huge pirate music site shut down (version of 23.10.2007, 10:57 GMT), BBC News, 2007-10-23, retrieved 2007-10-27
  17. ^Cubrilovic, Nik (2007-10-24), Copyright News: Oink and Tv-Links Down, Demonoid Back Up, TechCrunch, retrieved 2007-10-29
  18. ^Oink's new piglets proof positive that Big Content's efforts often backfire, Ars Technica, 2007-11-05, retrieved 2007-11-05
  19. ^Jacqui Cheng (2008-06-02), UK police herd up erstwhile OiNK users on conspiracy charges, Ars Technica, retrieved 2008-06-03
  20. ^Jim Reed (2008-06-03), File sharers in first UK arrests, BBC, retrieved 2008-06-03
  21. ^Six charged in music share probe, BBC News, 2008-09-12, retrieved 2008-09-12
  22. ^ abOink.cd home page, retrieved 2010-01-15
  23. ^' OiNK Six Appear in Court, Faced By Pirating Police, Torrentfreak, 2008-09-24, retrieved 2008-09-24
  24. ^' OiNK Uploaders Sentenced to Community Service, Torrentfreak, 2009-01-23, retrieved 2009-01-24
  25. ^' Fifth OiNK uploader walks free, Torrentfreak, 2010-03-30, retrieved 2010-07-22
  26. ^'IFPI and BPI goons brought short'. The Inquirer. 2010-03-30. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-22.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  27. ^'Teenager wins landmark music piracy case'. Netimperative. 2010-03-30. Archived from the original on 2013-01-29. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  28. ^'Cyber crime fighter joins Pannone'. Manchester Evening News. 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
  29. ^'David Cook'. Pannone Solicitors. Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
  30. ^ abWesthoff, Ben (2007-10-30), Trent Reznor and Saul Williams Discuss Their New Collaboration, Mourn Oink, New York, retrieved 2007-10-30
  31. ^Trent Reznor and Saul Williams Discuss Their New Collaboration, Mourn OiNK, New York Magazine, 2007-10-30, retrieved 2008-03-31
  32. ^Pitchfork. 'Trent Reznor Talks Apple Music: What His Involvement Is, What Sets It Apart'. Pitchfork.

External links[edit]

Oink
  • An interview with the site's founder from Telegraph
  • Squeals of Oink lovers reverberate across the Internet from Paste magazine
  • Stationary Hund - The Oink Song from YouTube
  • Mudd up! Defending the pig - Oink croaks — Writer and musician Jace Clayton explains what Oink was
  • When Pigs Fly: The Death of Oink, the Birth of Dissent, and a Brief History of Record Industry Suicide — Commentary on Oink in relation to the music industry from an insider Rob Sheridan

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