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BACKGROUND

  • A woman veterinary doctor is gang-raped and killed. The assailants burn her body on the outskirts of Shadnagar in Telangana’s Ranga Reddy district.
  • Hyderabad police arrested four persons — Mohammad Ali alias Mohammad Arif, Jollu Shiva, Jollu Naveen Kumar and Chintakunta Chenna Keshavulu — in connection with the case. The news of the brutal rape and murder left the entire nation outraged.
  • Outrage in Parliament, MPs demand swift death penalty, public lynching and castration of rape convicts. Cutting across party lines, the MPs in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha condemned the Hyderabad incident.
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BACKGROUND

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  • The Centre assures it was ready to amend laws to bring in stringent provisions and ensure speedy justice. Investigation gathers pace as the Telangana government set up a fast-track court for a speedy trial.
  • On December 6, all the four accused shot dead in a police encounter as they allegedly tried to escape while the crime scene was being reconstructed.

ENCOUNTER

  • The four accused arrested in connection with the rape-and-murder of a 25-year-old woman veterinarian near here last month were killed in an alleged encounter with the police Friday morning, police said.
  • “The four accused were killed in an encounter with the police,” Cyberabad Police Commissioner V C Sajjanar said.
  • The four men, all lorry workers, aged between 20 and 24, were arrested on November 29 for allegedly raping and killing the woman by smothering her and later burning her body.
  • They were in remanded to seven days’ judicial custody.

ENCOUNTER

  • They were taken to the crime scene Friday morning by the police as part of the investigation, a source said.
  • “They fired upon the police team and we retaliated in self-defence. Two of our men are also injured in the incident,” the source told PTI.
  • The gang rape-and-murder triggered a nation-wide outrage with the public and lawmakers demanding speedy punishment to the perpetrators.
  • The state government has ordered setting up of a fast track court to expedite the trial.

CONTROVERSIAL

  • The woman’s father told news agency ANI: “It has been 10 days to the day my daughter died. I express my gratitude towards the police and the government for this. My daughter’s soul must be at peace now.”
  • The incident has been passionately debated for days and now the controversial shooting has divided opinion.
  • Several celebrities and even politicians praised the police though there were many voices of caution.
  • A former police officer suggested public anger had left the police with little choice.

RIGHT OR WRONG?

  • POINTS

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What was Bihar’s Senari Massacre

  • The Supreme Court on Monday (July 12) agreed to hear the Bihar government’s appeal against the acquittal by Patna High Court in May of 14 accused in the Senari massacre of 1999.

The incident

  • On March 18, 1999, 34 upper caste men were forced out of their homes in Senari village of Jehanabad district allegedly by cadres of the now defunct Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), and slaughtered near the village temple.
  • The massacre was a sequel in the prolonged caste war between the MCC and private armies of upper caste villagers, especially the Ranbir Sena led by Barmeshwar Mukhiya, who was jailed in 2012.

Court Verdict

  • On November 15, 2016, a Jehanabad court sentenced 11 accused to death, and awarded the life sentence to three others.
  • Three of those convicted challenged the verdict in the High Court.

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High Court order

  • On May 21 this year, Patna High Court acquitted all 14 accused.
  • A Division Bench of Justices Ashwini Kumar Singh and Arvind Srivastava reversed the lower court’s verdict, citing lack of sufficient corroborative evidence.

Why this verdict

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  • The court said: “…The burden of proof of guilt of an accused is upon the prosecution.
  • It must stand by itself. In the present case, on appreciation of evidence adduced during trial…there is a real and reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the appellants.
  • Accordingly, the impugned judgment… [of the trial court] so far as the appellants in these appeals are concerned is, hereby set aside.”
  • The court said that the “accused persons have been subjected to seven standard and identical questions even though the witnesses against them are disparate.
  • “While some of the accused persons have been identified by some witnesses, the others have been identified by a single witness. No question has been put to them regarding identification by different persons and the places in the village in which they were claimed to be identified…”

State’s appeal

  • The state government is now preparing to present a strong case before the apex court. The prosecution has told the Supreme Court that it has 23 witnesses, including 13 eyewitnesses who lost members of their families in the massacre.
  • Counsel for the Bihar government Abhinav Mukerji told the Supreme Court that no accused had disputed the date, time, place, and manner of occurrence — even then, all 14 had been acquitted by Patna High Court.
  • Mukerji told the apex court that the findings of the High Court were contrary to the evidence placed on record.

Bihar’s killing fields

  • Between 1990 and 2005, Bihar saw the killings of over 400 people including several policemen in over two dozen caste massacres as the now disbanded MCC and upper caste private armies fought a bloody war of attrition.
  • There was such a spurt of caste violence in the mid-1990s, that a despairing police force would privately rue that their mandate appeared to be to collect bodies from massacre spots, not to prevent the killings in the first place.

Bihar’s killing fields

  • The last major caste massacre in Bihar took place in October 2009, when 16 OBC people were killed in Alauli, Khagaria.
  • The trend of caste massacres subsequently gave way to Left Wing Extremism.
  • The Senari massacre saw the killing of the largest number of upper caste victims (34) after the Dalelchak-Bhagora massacre of Aurangabad in 1987, in which 42 upper caste people including 21 of a single family were killed.
  • On the other side, the biggest loss of lives came in the Laxmanpur-Bathe massacre of Jehanabad in 1997, in which 58 Dalits and OBCs were killed by the Ranbir Sena.

The Story of Bhojpur

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  • More like a caste hierarchy in class hierarchy
  • Bhumihar Oppression
  • Ranvir Sena (1994)
  • 6 Inch Short
  • APNA SATTA APNA KANOON

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